Christmas is approaching and it’s the time of the year when many businesses want to show how much they appreciate their staff.
However due to COVID-19 restrictions, this year’s celebrations will be very different with gatherings dependent on the size of the venue and group bookings capped.
We highlight the tax and fringe benefits tax (FBT) implications of holding a Christmas party on or off the business premises and also providing staff with Christmas gifts.
An assumption is that the business has not elected to use either the ‘50-50 split’ or ‘12 week register’ methods.
Christmas parties constitute "entertainment benefits" and to the extent that the expenditure relates to employees or their associates attending the function, the expenses may be subject to FBT unless an exemption (e.g. the "minor benefits" exemption) applies. A minor benefit is one that is provided to an employee or their associate (e.g. spouse) on an “infrequent” or “irregular” basis, which is not a reward for services and at a cost less than $300 “per benefit” inclusive of GST.
Entertainment expenses are not tax deductible unless they are subject to FBT. This means that expenses incurred in providing a Christmas party will not generally be deductible, to the extent that they constitute the provision of minor benefits.
1. Christmas party held on the business premises
If you decide to host a Christmas party, holding it on a working day on your business premises is usually more tax effective than holding the party off-site. Where a Christmas party is hosted on-site, expenses such as food and drink (including alcohol) for employees are exempt from FBT (with no dollar limit). However, a tax deduction or GST credit cannot be claimed by the business.
Where an employee’s spouse or family member (i.e. associates) attends the Christmas party and the cost attributable to each associate is $300 or more inclusive of GST, the business will incur FBT on the associate’s portion of the food and drink. A tax deduction or GST credit can also be claimed on that portion. The cost of clients attending the party are not subject to FBT, however no tax deduction or GST credit can be claimed on their portion of the cost.
Where the Christmas party is held on the business premises on a working day, with only employees and clients attending, the entire cost is tax deductible, as long as no alcohol is provided and only finger food or a light meal is given. In this situation, the business will not incur FBT and a GST credit can be claimed on the entire cost.
2. Christmas party held off the business premises
Christmas parties held off the business premises are exempt from FBT where the cost for the employee and their associates is each less than $300 inclusive of GST. However, no tax deduction or GST credit can be claimed. The cost of clients attending the party is not subject to FBT, and no tax deduction or GST credit can be claimed on their portion of the cost.
Certain benefits provided to employees at the Christmas party are considered separately when applying the $300 minor benefits exemption. For example, a Christmas party is held at a restaurant costing $220 per head. At the Christmas party the employees are provided with a Christmas hamper (considered a ‘non-entertainment gift’), costing $150. Although the total cost per head is more than $300, the provision of both benefits will usually be exempt from FBT with each benefit considered separately under the minor benefits exemption.
In regards to the Christmas party expenses, the business will not be entitled to claim a tax deduction or a GST credit. However, a tax deduction and GST credit can be claimed on the cost of the hamper, as this is not considered to be providing ‘entertainment’.
Family members attending
The $300 minor benefits threshold applies per-attendee, not per-employee, which potentially means additional FBT-free benefits where family members also attend.
Taxi travel to and from the party
Any benefit arising from taxi travel by an employee is exempt from fringe benefits tax FBT if the travel is a ‘single trip’ beginning or ending at the employee's place of work.
Accordingly, where the business pays a taxi fare (including ride-sourcing travel) for an employee to travel to and from the Christmas party and the party is held on the business premises, no FBT will apply as the entertainment occurred on business premises - The cost is also tax-deductible and GST credits can be claimed.
Where the party is held off-premises, taxi travel to and from the Christmas party is part of the meal entertainment benefit. In these circumstances, the taxi travel cannot be viewed separately. The travel cost must be added to the cost per employee in determining whether the $300 taxable value has been exceeded under the minor benefits exemption for the employee or a relative.
Non-entertainment gifts provided to employees are usually exempt from FBT where the total value is less than $300 inclusive of GST. A tax deduction and GST credit can also be claimed. These benefits include flowers, lcohol, perfume, gift vouchers and hampers.
Gifts at Christmas parties are usually exempt from FBT because they are not provided on a frequent or regular basis, and the gift is not provided to the employees wholly or principally as a reward for their services rendered.
Non-entertainment gifts given to clients and suppliers do not fall within the FBT rules, as they are not provided to employees. Generally a tax deduction and GST credit can be claimed for these gifts provided they are not excessive or overly valuable.
The provision of entertainment gifts has different tax implications (examples include theatre tickets, passes to attend a musical, live play or a movie, tickets to a sporting event or giving a holiday). Where the cost for the employee and their associate is less than $300 inclusive of GST each, FBT is not payable and no tax deduction or GST credit can be claimed.
However, if the cost of an entertainment gift given to an employee or their associate is $300 or more inclusive of GST, a tax deduction and GST credit can be claimed, but FBT is payable. The cost of any entertainment gifts provided to clients is not subject to FBT and no tax deduction or GST credit can be claimed.
Which Type of gifts provide the best tax outcome?
Generally, it is considered that the best tax outcome for your business is to give staff non-entertainment type gifts that cost less than $300 inclusive of GST per staff member, as the cost is fully tax deductible, with no FBT payable and GST credits can be claimed.
Saving on employee on-costs
Benefits that are exempt from FBT are not regarded as taxable wages for payroll tax, superannuation guarantee and workers compensation purposes, which results in a saving of these employee on-costs.
This information is provided solely for general information purposes and is not intended as professional advice. Readers should not act on the information contained therein without proper advice from a suitably qualified professional.
We expressly disclaim all liability for any loss or damage to any person or organisation for the consequences of anything done or omitted to be done by any such person relying on the contents of this information.